Sunday, October 20, 2019
How to Identify the Subject in French
How to Identify the Subject in French The subjectÃ is theÃ noun or pronoun in a clause or sentence that performs the action of the verb. To find the subject, ask who or what is performing the action ofÃ the verb. It is crucial to recognize the subject becauseÃ French verbs areÃ conjugated according to the number, person and gender of the subject noun or the subject pronoun. David lave la voiture.Ã / David is washing the car. Who is washing the car? David is, so David is the subject. Subject Pronouns Subject pronouns replace the specific names of people or things: SINGULAR Ã Ã 1st personÃ Ã Ã jeÃ Ã IÃ Ã Ã 2nd personÃ Ã tuÃ youÃ Ã Ã 3rd personÃ Ã Ã ilÃ he, it / elleÃ she, it /Ã onÃ one PLURAL Ã Ã 1st personÃ Ã Ã nousÃ Ã weÃ Ã Ã 2nd personÃ Ã vousÃ youÃ Ã Ã 3rd personÃ Ã Ã ilsÃ they (m) /Ã ellesÃ they (f) The French subject pronounÃ on is an indefinite pronoun that means one, we, you and they. Its often equivalent to the EnglishÃ passive voice. Ã Ã On ne devrait pas poser cette question.Ã Ã Ã One shouldnt ask that question. / You shouldnt ask that quesiton. Note that, unlike the English I, the FrenchÃ jeÃ is only capitalized when it begins a sentence; otherwise it is lowercase. Subjects in Sentences Whether sentences be statements, exclamations, questions, or commands, there is always a subject, eitherÃ stated or implied. Only in a command is the subject not explicitly stated; it is implied by the imperative conjugation of the verb. Sentences can be separated into a subject (un sujet)Ã and a predicate (un prÃ ©dicat). The subject is the person or thing performing the action, and the predicate is the rest of the sentence, which usually begins with the verb.Je suis professeur.Ã Suject:Ã Je. PrÃ ©dicat:Ã suis professeur. I am a teacherSubject: I. Predicate: am a professor. La jeune fille est mignonneÃ Sujet:Ã La jeune fille.Ã PrÃ ©dicat:Ã est mignonne.Ã The young girl is cute.Subject: The young girl. Predicate: is cute.